Argumentative essay

These essays present an argument and your thesis statement indicates the stand you are taking in the argument.  You will provide evidence and support for your argument from your reading, and this will include references to others who do not necessarily have the same point of view.

Essays begin with an introduction, followed by the main body.   The body of the essay is where you will logically develop your argument so that your reader can follow your line of thought.  Essays finish with a conclusion.

Shorter essays do not necessarily need section headings but you should check the general requirements with your tutor.

An Essay A Report

Presents an argument to answer a question.

Presents information and findings from a task

Is meant to be read carefully.

Is meant to be scanned quickly by the reader to pick out particular information.

May or may not have headings for the main sections.

Uses headings and sub-headings and is structured into sections.

Always needs citations and a bibliography/reference list.

May not need citations or a bibliography/reference list but in academia it is safer to provide these.

Links ideas using cohesive paragraphs, rather than breaking them down into a list of bullet points.

For some subject areas uses short, concise paragraphs, and bullet-points where applicable.

Rarely uses graphics, pictures or graphs.

Uses graphics wherever possible (tables, graphs, illustrations) especially when describing research results. These should be referenced where appropriate.

Does not usually have an abstract.

Some disciplines may require an abstract or executive summary at the beginning.

Does not usually have recommendations but may have appendices.

Is likely to conclude with recommendations and/or appendices.

Adapted from http://studentacademicsupport.abertay.ac.uk/guides/reports.pdf

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